Bell & Howell test patterns

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This page is dedicated to cataloging the numerous test pattern types used by Bell & Howell and its successor entities for over 40 years.

Test pattern types[edit]

  • Black screen, 500 Hz tone
  • Black screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking)
  • Black screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Lime screen, 400 Hz tone
  • Lime screen, 975 Hz tone
  • White screen, 400 Hz tone
  • White screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking)
  • White screen, 875 Hz tone (medium clicking)
  • White screen, 875 Hz tone (fast clicking)
  • White screen, 950 Hz tone
  • White screen, 975 Hz tone
  • White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • White screen with red letterbox bars, 1000 Hz tone
  • White screen, 1000 Hz tone (clicking)
  • White screen, 1025 Hz tone
  • White screen, 1125 Hz tone
  • White screen, 1175 Hz tone
  • From 1988 to 1996, many tapes had a white screen test pattern (with optional red bars until 1989) and/or a closing black screen with a moaning sound.

Pre-1984 test patterns[edit]

Tapes duplicated at Bell & Howell before Q4 1984 (i.e. before the 40th week of 1984) had a wide variety of test patterns. Tapes confirmed to not have test patterns are listed in the next section. If you don't know what test pattern is on a tape, or whether or not such a tape had a test pattern, list it here without any additional info apart from the name of the releasing company and the year of release; if you can 100% confirm such a tape did not have a test pattern after all, move it to the next section. Also, for Disney tapes, check if the bottom of the square label says "Fotomat Drive-Thru Movies" instead of "For Rental Only, Not for Sale" or "For Sale Only, Not Intended for Rental" before moving anything, because if it says "Fotomat Drive-Thru Movies", it was definitely duplicated at Bell & Howell.

  • 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • The Adventures of Chip and Dale (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • Airplane! (Paramount Home Video, 1981) - White screen, 1125 Hz tone
  • Airport (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981) - White screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking)
  • Alvarez Kelly (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings), White screen, 1000 Hz tone (B&H pressings)
  • The Amazing Spider-Man (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981) - White screen, 1175 Hz tone
  • America at the Movies (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • American Gigolo (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - Black screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • American Graffiti (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • The Andromeda Strain (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981) - White screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking)
  • The Anderson Tapes (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Animal House (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980)
  • Apocalypse Now (Paramount Home Video, 1981) - White screen, 950 Hz tone (1-tape stereo version)
  • The Apple Dumpling Gang (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • April Wine: Live in London (Thorn EMI Video, 1981)
  • Barbarella (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Battlestar Galactica (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980) - Black screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Bedknobs and Broomsticks (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • Bell, Book and Candle (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Benny Hill's Video Revue (Thorn EMI Video, 1981)
  • The Black Hole (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • The Boat (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1983) - White screen, 975 Hz tone
  • Bon Voyage, Charlie Brown (and Don't Come Back!!) (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Born Free (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Born Yesterday (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Breaker Morant (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1981)
  • Breakfast at Tiffany's (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • The Bridge on the River Kwai (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1981) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Bye Bye Birdie (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - SMPTE Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Can't Stop the Music (Thorn EMI Video, 1981)
  • The Cat and the Canary (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1982) - White screen, 400 Hz tone (Bell & Howell Video Systems printings)
  • Cat Ballou (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1981) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Charlotte's Web (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Chinatown (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Close Encounters of the Third Kind: The Special Edition (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • The Conversation (Paramount Home Video, 1981) - White screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking)
  • Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • The Day the Earth Caught Fire (Thorn EMI Video, 1981) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Death Machines (VCI Home Video, 1983)
  • Death on the Nile (Thorn EMI Video, 1981) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • The Deep (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • The Deer Hunter (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980) - Black screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Don't Raise the Bridge, Lower the River (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Dracula (1979 version) (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980) - White screen, 1125 Hz tone
  • The Dresser (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1983) - White screen, 975 Hz tone
  • The Elephant Man (Paramount Home Video, 1981) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Emmanuelle (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Emmanuelle: The Joys of a Woman (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Escape from Alcatraz (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - Black screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Escape to Witch Mountain (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • Eyes of Laura Mars (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Flash Gordon (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980) - White screen, 1125 Hz tone
  • For Pete's Sake (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone
  • The Four Seasons (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981) - White screen, 875 Hz tone (fast clicking)
  • Friday the 13th (Paramount Home Video, 1981)
  • Friday the 13th Part II (Paramount Home Video, 1981)
  • Friday the 13th Part III (Paramount Home Video, 1983) - White screen, 1025 Hz tone
  • The Front (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1982) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Fun with Dick and Jane (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Galaxina (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981)
  • The Garden of the Finzi-Continis (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Getting Wasted (VCI Home Video, 1983)
  • Gilda (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Gimme Shelter (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • The Godfather (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • The Godfather Part II (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • The Godfather: The Complete Epic (Paramount Home Video, 1981)
  • Goin' South (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Grease (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Great Movie Stunts/The Making of Raiders of the Lost Ark (Paramount Home Video, 1982)
  • The Happy Hooker Goes Hollywood (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981)
  • Hardcore (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1982) - White screen, 400 Hz tone
  • The Harder They Fall (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Harlan County, U.S.A. (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - SMPTE Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Harold and Maude (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - Black screen, 500 Hz tone
  • Harry and Walter Go to New York (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - EBU Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Hatari (Paramount Home Video, 1983) - White screen, 950 Hz tone
  • Heartland (Thorn EMI Video, 1982)
  • Heaven Can Wait (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Here Comes Mr. Jordan (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1979) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Hot Lead and Cold Feet (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • Hud (Paramount Home Video, 1982)
  • The Hunter (Paramount Home Video, 1981) - White screen, 1125 Hz tone
  • I Am a Dancer (Thorn EMI Video, 1981) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Jack and the Beanstalk (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1983)
  • Jaws (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980)
  • Jaws 2 (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980)
  • Jesus Christ Superstar (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980)
  • Kids Is Kids (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • The Killers (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981) - Black screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking)
  • King Kong (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Kramer vs. Kramer (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1981) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (Original Columbia Pictures Videocassette Services printings); White screen, 1000 Hz tone (Bell & Howell Video Systems printings)
  • The Last Married Couple in America (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1982) - White screen, 400 Hz tone
  • Little Darlings (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - White screen, 400 Hz tone
  • The Little Prince (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • The Longest Yard (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Looking for Mr. Goodbar (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • The Lord of the Rings (Thorn EMI Video, 1982)
  • Malicious (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Mandingo (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Marathon Man (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Masada (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981) - White screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking)
  • Melvin and Howard (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Midnight Express (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - SMPTE Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Monty Python and the Holy Grail (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1981) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (Original Columbia Pictures Videocassette Services printings); White screen, 1000 Hz tone (Bell & Howell Video Systems printings)
  • Mothra (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1983)
  • Murder on the Orient Express (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - White screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking) (1-tape version)
  • North Dallas Forty (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • On Vacation (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (Thorn EMI Video, 1982)
  • The Owl and the Pussycat (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Pete's Dragon (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • Play It Again, Sam (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Popeye (Paramount Home Video, 1981) - White screen, 1000 Hz
  • The Professionals (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video) - White screen, 400 Hz tone
  • Providence (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1983)
  • Pumping Iron (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Queen: Greatest Flix (Thorn EMI Video, 1981)
  • Race for Your Life, Charlie Brown (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (Paramount Home Video, 1983)
  • Rockshow (Thorn EMI Video, 1982)
  • Romeo and Juliet (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - White screen, 875 Hz tone (medium clicking) (1-tape version)
  • Rosemary's Baby (Paramount Home Video, 1981)
  • The Royal Wedding (Thorn EMI Video, 1981)
  • S.O.S. Titanic (Thorn EMI Video, 1981) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Same Time, Next Year (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Samson and Delilah (Paramount Home Video, 1981) - White screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking)
  • Save the Tiger (Paramount Home Video, 1981) - White screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking)
  • Scars of Dracula (Thorn EMI Video, 1981)
  • Schizoid (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • The Seduction of Joe Tynan (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980) - Black screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981) - Black screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Seven Beauties (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Shane (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • The Shootist (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - Black screen, 500 Hz tone
  • Slap Shop (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980) - Black screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Smokey and the Bandit (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980) - Black screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Sophia Loren: Her Own Story (Thorn EMI Video, 1981)
  • Spider-Woman (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1982)
  • Stalag 17 (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Star Trek: The Motion Picture (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - White screen, 1125 Hz tone
  • Star Trek Vol. 1: The Menagerie (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - Black screen, 500 Hz tone
  • Star Trek Vol. 2: Amok Time/Journey to Babel (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Star Trek Vol. 3: Mirror, Mirror/The Tholian Web (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Star Trek Vol. 4: The Trouble with Tribbles/Let That Be Your Last Battlefield (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Star Trek Vol. 5: Balance of Terror/The City on the Edge of Forever (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Starting Over (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Sunset Boulevard (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Swept Away (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - Color bars, 1000 Hz tone (CPVS pressings)
  • Taxi Driver (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1982) - White screen, 400 Hz tone
  • The Ten Commandments (Paramount Home Video, 1980) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • Thank God It's Friday (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1982) - White screen, 400 Hz tone
  • Three Days of the Condor (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • The Three Stooges Meet Hercules (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1983) - White screen, 975 Hz tone
  • The Three Stooges Vol. 2 (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone (B&H pressings)
  • The Three Stooges Vol. 6 (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1983)
  • The Three Stooges Vol. 7 (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1983)
  • The Three Stooges Vol. 8 (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1984)
  • The Three Stooges Vol. 9 (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1984)
  • Times Square (Thorn EMI Video, 1981) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • To Kill a Mockingbird (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1981) - White screen, 875 Hz tone (slow clicking)
  • The Tubes Video (Thorn EMI Video, 1981)
  • Up in Smoke (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Vic Braden's Tennis for the Future Vol. 1 (Paramount Home Video, 1982) - White screen, 1025 Hz tone
  • Victor/Victoria (MGM/UA Home Video, 1982) - White screen, 1000 Hz tone
  • The War of the Worlds (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • The Way We Were (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1983) - White screen, 400 Hz tone
  • When Worlds Collide (Paramount Home Video, 1981) - White screen, 1125 Hz tone
  • Which Way Is Up? (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980)

Pre-1995 Bell & Howell tapes without test patterns[edit]

This list does not include tapes that have the moaning sound but no white screen test pattern.

  • The Bad News Bears (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • The Betsy (Allied Artists Video, 1978)
  • Chaplin's Art of Comedy (Allied Artists Video, 1978)
  • Crossroads (RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, 1986)
  • The Crying Game (Live Home Video, 1993)
  • The Electric Horseman (MCA Videocassette, Inc., 1980)
  • Field of Dreams (MCA/Universal Home Video, 1992)
  • The Fisher King (Columbia TriStar Home Video, 1992)
  • Foul Play (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • In Cold Blood (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1982)
  • The King and I (FoxVideo, 1991)
  • The Love Bug (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • The Man Who Would Be King (Allied Artists Video, 1978)
  • Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers: The Movie (FoxVideo, 1994)
  • The Next Man (Allied Artists Video, 1978)
  • Nobody's Perfekt (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1982)
  • The North Avenue Irregulars (Fotomat Video, 1980)
  • The Odd Couple (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Papillon (Allied Artists Video, 1978)
  • Popeye (Paramount Home Video, 1981, post-1984 printings)
  • Quantrill's Raiders (Allied Artists Video, 1978)
  • Saturday Night Fever (Paramount Home Video, 1980)
  • Sherlock Holmes and the Voice of Terror (Allied Artists Video, 1980)
  • Sherlock Holmes Faces Death (Allied Artists Video, 1980)
  • This Man Must Die (Allied Artists Video, 1978)
  • The Three Stooges Vol. 1 (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1980)
  • The Three Stooges Vol. 3 (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1981)
  • The Three Stooges Vol. 4 (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1982)
  • The Three Stooges Vol. 5 (Columbia Pictures Home Entertainment, 1982)
  • Tickle Me (Allied Artists Video, 1978)
  • The Woman in Green (Allied Artists Video, 1980)